Post conflict in Colombia: An opportunity for the knowledge of the community of native bees in the Bota Caucana
PLAZA ORTEGA VIANNY LIZHET, PLAZA ORTEGA VIANNY LIZHET , GALLEGO ROPERO MARÍA CRISTINA , MONTOYA LERMA JAMES
Biologist. Master student, Universidad del Valle. Grupo de Estudios Ambientales, Universidad del Cauca; Biologist. Master student, Universidad del Valle. Grupo de Estudios Ambientales, Universidad del Cauca ; Full professor, Department of Biology. Grupo de Estudios Ambientales, Universidad del Cauca. Grupo de Ecología de Agroecosistemas y Hábitats Naturales, Universidad del Valle ; Full professor, Department of Biology. Grupo de Ecología de Agroecosistemas y Hábitats Naturales. Universidad del Valle
The "Bota Caucana" has high and medium mountain ecosystems, which during the time of the armed conflict in Colombia, became important refuges of flora and fauna. Nevertheless, this conflict, limited the discovery and knowledge of its Biodiversity during many years ago. In this sense, the post-conflict process, opens an opportunity for knowledge of the diversity of bees, but at the same time is a condition susceptible to change, due to the processes of anthropic transformation that constitute the basis of the economy of the department, such as agriculture, hunting and mining. This situation is worrying, considering that in these areas of natural forests, many species of wild bees that live over there, are not known to science, well, the “Bota Caucana” is influenced by the “Piedemonte Amazónico” and the “Macizo Colombiano”, and together they form the Andean-Amazonian corridor, which is characterized by particular biophysical conditions that support the great biodiversity in this area. For this reason, and in order to know the diversity of bees of the Bota Caucana, are being sampled with entomological network, Aromatic traps, PAN traps and Van Someren Rydon baited with decomposed fish, which are ubicated in each forest, on four transects of 100 x 2.5 m, separated equidistantly from each other in clear places of forest. The preliminary results show a total of 150 morphospecies distributed in four families: Halictidae, Apidae, Megachillidae and Colletidae, 20 stingless bee’s nests and also interactions in the construction of nests between bees and ants. The greatest richness of bee, was reported in mature natural forests of the municipalities of Santa Rosa and Piamonte (middle and lower Bota Caucana), which are continuous and highly conserved wastelands.